An Electric Storm

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DD165602: An Electric Storm master tape labels
An Electric Storm 1969 album cover
An Electric Storm 1969 album back cover
An Electric Storm 1969 record label

At Kaleidophon with David Vorhaus, Brian Hodgson and others, Delia helped create the seminal album An Electric Storm.


Many sounds have never been heard - by humans. Some soundwaves you don't hear - but they reach you. 'Storm-Stereo' techniques combine singers, instrumentalists and complex electronic sound. Welcome to the world of the Frequency Shifter, Signal Generator and Azimuth Co-ordinator. A world that existed before the dawn of the synthesizer, when a 'sample' was a length of recording-tape delicately and skillfully spliced in place.[1]

I think my forte is, well, apart from having an analytical mind to do electronic sound, at the opposite end I'm very good at writing extended melody for which there was not really an opening at the BBC. And so I met this guy, I was giving a lecture at Morley College in London and he came up to me afterwards. He played the double bass, the same as I did, and he was already doing tracks for the Ballet Rambert and we got together and started this album.[2]

“It's common knowledge now that the first couple of tracks were actually recorded in the BBC. They were unaware of us using the studio and equipment for our own ends.”[3]

“[The] album that reconciled pop music with the experimental avant-garde... resembled as much a scientific experiment as any conventional musical document... The result is a set of eerie, delightful songs that, for all their surface simplicity, shimmer with vestigial synthesiser swells, strange echoes, disembodied voices, and distant music-box trills.”[4]

Brian Hodgson: “[White Noise] was very advanced for its time but it never quite gelled for me. It was just not part of the stream of things that was going on at the time, it went off at a tangent, and it became a cult album. Pity it didn’t become one at the time! It was as if Island released it on the secret list.”[5]

“she told me 'firebird' and 'love without sound' pre-dated the rest of that stuff by a couple of years and that vorhaus was the one who did most the rest of it.”[6]

There is an excellent review of the whole album White Noise: Electric Storms, Radiophonics and the Delian Mode] on John Coulthart's Feuilleton.


  • 15th February 1969: David Vorhaus writes to Miss Astrahan about the album cover art.[7]
  • 16th February 1969: Delia and David Vorhaus were “working each night flat out on our record”.[8]
  • September/October 1969:[9] The album is reviewed[10] in "Clanfolk", the BBC folk song club magazine.[11]
  • 27th September 1969:[12] An advert[13] and a scathing review[14] appear in "Time Out in London" magazine.

Track list

The Kaleidophon internal names for the tracks were:[15]

which is presumably the order in which the tracks were created.

Side 1: "PHASE IN"

Love Without Sound

A romantic piece about making love without sound was the first song recorded by White Noise and the one that got them the Island deal. All strings are double-bass parts played by David Vorhaus sped up to sound like violins, cellos and violas.[16] Love Without Sound - Spectrogram.jpg

My Game of Loving

Lyrics were written by Georgina Duncan, Annie Bird sings throughout, the track has an uncanny resemblence to American counterparts Donald Byrd and the Field Hippies and the United States of America. Vorhaus had to construct one 'electronic' orgy and after having lived with it for a bit, combined it with the recording of a real orgy. What a drag that must have been.[16] My Game of Loving - Spectrogram.jpg

Here come the Fleas

An obvious single choice, though never a single. Kenny Everett used the first percussive break, after verse one, as a jingle on his radio programme. Brian Hodgson plays the Carribean gentleman asking for the music to be turned down as he can't hear his own steel band. Very Island Records. Co-Written with John Renn-Mc-Donald.[16] Here come the Fleas - Spectrogram.jpg


The second song recorded by White Noise,[16] actually an old song of Delia's[17] orchestrated to a cornucopia of tape-twiddling sound effects. Firebird - Spectrogram.jpg

Your Hidden Dreams

A trippy ode to LSD. Your Hidden Dreams - Spectrogram.jpg

Side 2: "PHASE-OUT"

The Visitation

Light out, headphones on -- a trip on a motorcycle to see a girlfriend ends in a fatal accident. In true 'Truly Madly Deeply' fashion he visits his beau but only for 'such a hopeless moment'. This took 3 months to record, was co-written by John Renn-McDonald and became idolised as the heaviest trip on the album. A triumph of sound and splicing tape.[16] The Visitation - Spectrogram.jpg

The Black Mass: Electric Storm in Hell

(White Noise)
Island Records are on the 'phone demanding a finished album and you've seven minutes of tape left and only one day to fill it, what would you do? Answer: the group-jam in a live performance. This was admittedly inspired by Pink Floyd's 'Saucerful of Secrets' with ex-dentist Paul Lytton on drum. Georgina Duncan wrote the lyrics at the beginning of the track.
The Black Mass - Spectrogram.jpg


There are further papers (lyrics, manuscripts) for each of the pieces, listed on the tracks' individual pages.


  • Released on vinyl 1968, Island Records, Cat: 510 948-2.
  • Released on vinyl in June 1969, Island Records, Cat: ILPS 9099.[18]
  • Released on CD, 28 July 1992 by Island Records.
  • Released on CD, 28 Dec 1999 by Polygram Int'l.
  • Rereleased in digitally remastered version on CD in Jul 2007 available on with catalogue number 9843197


<references> [11] [9] [10] [12] [14] [13] [7] [8] [15]

  1. The sleeve notes for An Electric Storm.
  2. Delia in the Radio Scotland interview.
  3. Attributed to the sleeve notes for An Electric Storm in Breege Brennan's thesis, but probably from her interview with Brian Hodgson.
  4. Credited to ”Louis Pattison, BBC, on re-release of Electric Storm 2007” in Breege Brennan's thesis
  5. Brian Hodgson interviewed for Breege Brennan's thesis.
  6. Pete Kember, personal communication.
  7. 7.0 7.1 DD164714: Letter dated 15th February 1969 from David Vorhaus to Miss Astrahan, the cover designer.
  8. 8.0 8.1 DD165533: Letter dated 16th February 1969 from Delia to Brian about plumbing.
  9. 9.0 9.1 DD141127: Page 2 of the BBC Clanfolk magazine containing a review of the albim.
  10. 10.0 10.1 DD141319: Review of the album in Clanfolk magazine.
  11. 11.0 11.1 DD141044: Cover of the BBC Clanfolk magazine containing a review of the album.
  12. 12.0 12.1 DD154843, Cover of Time Out in London, dated Sept.27 - Oct.11.
  13. 13.0 13.1 DD154941: Advert for the album in Time Out in London magazine.
  14. 14.0 14.1 DD154918: Review of the album in Time Out in London magazine.
  15. 15.0 15.1 DD165618: Handwritten notes for "Factors affecting track order for 'phase-in'".
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 jayedelman's An Electronic Storm - The White Noise on
  17. I forget where I heard that - maybe from James Percival or in his thesis.
  18. White Noise - An Electric Storm on